Tel Aviv saw what was happening in a number of possibilities. It’s time to explore and use their own gas subsoil. Especially that all cards on hand, had the trump suit. Recall that in 2009-2010. Israelis discovered two gas fields: Tamar, with reserves of 274 billion cubic meters, and Leviathan – one of the largest gas fields in the world with the potential to 481 billion cubic meters, located on a water border with Lebanon. Development began March 30, 2013 Tamar mastered the American Noble Energy, which owns the major share in the construction work boots. Its partners – Israeli corporation Delek, Isramco and Dor Alon.Only in 2013 their investments exceeded € 2,8 Bln. The total reserves of natural gas in the Israeli shelf impressive – 1.4 trillion cubic meters.
Israel, with its most high-tech army in the Middle East, turns into a regional gas power, which is fighting for the export markets. Bloomberg reported in October that the Jewish state is planning to organize the supply of gas to Egypt, Jordan and Palestine in the tens of billions of dollars. The Israeli side has already signed preliminary agreements with Egypt and Jordan, according to which in the next 15 years is expected to realize the gas up to $ 70 billion. According to specialists, the annual gas exports to Cairo and Amman replenish the budget by $ 2.5 – $ 3 billion, which is 1 % of Israel’s GDP. Egypt and Jordan are in dire need of Israeli gas Cairo is experiencing a decline in their gas facilities, and Amman fears that instability in Iraq and Syria will affect its energy security.
Currently ongoing gas talks between Israel and Turkey. Energy Minister Shalom Israel is proud to announce Bloomberg, that the “gas – a huge strategic advantage that brings political and economic benefits.” By “political fruits” in the Ministry of Energy understand the improvement of relations with Turkey. Anadolu agency referring to the experts from the Washington Institute in Istanbul noted that the gas deal with Israel allow Turkey to diversify steel toed work boots. Ankara worried about gas dependence on Moscow and Tehran. According to the Turkish BOTAS, of the total consumption of 45 billion cubic meters in 2014, Turkey imported almost 30 billion cubic meters from Russia and Iran. Ankara calls on the research community to build a new gas strategy with the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean.